Lome Peace Agreement Sierra Leone

The military and humanitarian committees have completed their work until 8 June. The two sides quickly agreed on issues of amnesty, ceasefire, humanitarian operations, socio-economic affairs, human rights, disarmament, demobilization and the new army. The rapid amnesty agreement reflected the decision of both sides to use the 1996 Abidjan Agreement and the 1998 Conakry Agreement as a basis for negotiation, despite subsequent atrocities. Both documents granted a flat-rate amnesty to the RUF. In 2001, reports were sporadically reported of ceasefire violations by the Civil Protection Force (CDF). On 16 May 2001, during peace talks, rebels and a civilian militia agreed to a ceasefire to end decades of civil war in the country. According to a statement, the revolutionary front of the rebel unit and the government-backed civil defense force, also known as Kamajor, agreed to cease all hostilities. » 4 5. Security guarantees for peace observers Communication of security guarantees to UN military observers The granting of an amnesty has been extremely offensive from the point of view of the United Nations. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Mary Robinson, instructed the UN representative, Francis Okelo, not to sign the agreement. However, Mr. Okelo succeeded in convincing the United Nations that his signature was necessary for peace and signed with the reservation that the United Nations would not recognize amnesty for acts of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and other serious violations of international humanitarian law, as requested by the UN Security Council.

(3) In order to consolidate peace and promote the cause of national reconciliation, the Government of Sierra Leone has ensured that no formal or judicial action is taken against a member of the RUF, former AFRC, ex-SLA or CDF to pursue their objectives as members of these organizations since March 1991. In addition, the legislature and the conflict have dragged on since a RUF coup attempt against Kabbah in 1997. Sierra Leonean politicians in Switzerland and abroad were ready to negotiate with the rebels, including Omrie Golley and Pallo Bangura (“Foreign Minister” of AFRC/RUF-Junta). At the same time, President Kabbah has been worn down by fighting, the attempted coup, the siege of Freetown (capital of Sierra Leone) and the weaker support of Nigerians in ECOMOG, a peacekeeping force in the country. Kabbah wanted peace and was willing to make sacrifices. Sankoh wanted power and was ready to fight for it. On 18 May, Kabbah and Sankoh signed a first ceasefire in Lomé in the presence of US Special Envoy Jesse Jackson and Togolese President Gnassingbé Eyadéma. Mr. Sankoh then travelled to Lomé with a team of negotiators made up of field commanders and allies to negotiate with the Kabbah delegation, led by Attorney General Solomon Bereva. After delays, negotiations began on 26 May in Lomé.